How to control rats and mice?

Rats are color blind and have very poor eyesight

rats and mice

How to get rid of rats and mice?

Do you have rats and mice running rampant in your home? They’re small and elusive, but they can cause a lot of damage quickly.

Both rats and mice are known to be pests that can cause a lot of damage when they invade a home. Rats and mice are famous for their high levels of curiosity, which makes them excellent explorers.

As soon as they find an edible source or see something that sparks their interest, they’ll be on the move exploring every opportunity they have to find more.

Keeping track of these little creatures is no easy task. However, there are some great ways to do so without sacrificing your humane side either. Keep reading to learn more about what you can do to control or get rid of rats or mice in your home.

What are Mice and Rats?

Rats and mice are rodents that are related to prairie dogs. They are small, furry animals that can live in almost any type of environment. The most common rodent species in the USA is the Norway Rat, which can grow up to 10 inches in length and weigh up to 5 ounces.

The Norwegian rat is the common laboratory rat, which is not endangered and not a pest species.

Mice are also known as house mice, and rats are also known as black rats. These animals are small rodents that prefer warm, moist environments.

Mice are generally smaller than rats, and they can be found in almost any type of environment. Mice are primarily nocturnal creatures. However, they can be active during the day too. It’s important to note that a mouse is not as destructive as a rat. Rats are known for their high levels of curiosity, which makes them excellent explorers.

Difference between Rat and Mouse

Rats and mice are very similar. They are both rodents, and they both have a long tail that is used for balance. Both rats and mice have a pointed nose and small ears. These pests also look similar, so it is hard to tell the difference between a rat and a mouse.

The main way to tell the difference between these two pests is by looking at their size

Rats are typically much bigger than mice, with adults reaching up to 16 inches in length. Mice are much smaller than rats, with adult mice reaching about 6 inches in length when fully grown.


In addition to looking at size, you can also tell the difference between rats and mice based on their behavior. The best way to do this is by learning what each animal will do during the day and night time hours.

Mice tend to be active during the day while rats tend to be more active during the night time hours or early morning hours when they are most likely out searching for food or water before they go back into hiding for the day.

Both of these animals can cause destruction in your home or business if left unchecked, which is why it’s important that you know how to control them once you notice them in your home or business location.

There are more than 50 species of mice found all over the world today, but only about half of these species live in North America . These small mammals don’t require much space at all; some will even make their homes inside walls.

Where do Rats or Mice live?

Mice and rats are some of the most common types of rodents. They can be found all over the world, in both rural and urban areas.


Rats typically live in sewers, dumpsters, and other places where they can find food. Mice are commonly found in and around houses, stores, restaurants, warehouses, commercial farms and other places where food is stored or prepared. They are normally found in woodpiles, boxes or other areas where they can get easy access to food.

Life Cycle of a Rat or Mouse.

Rat and mice life cycles are very similar. A female rat will produce between 5-10 litters per year with a gestation period of about 21 days. The average size of a litter is about 5 babies for rats, and 3-4 babies for mice.

The baby rats will be able to produce offspring within just two months of being born. The adult lifespan range anywhere from 1-3 years in the wild, while the lifespan in captivity can be as long as five years, depending on how well they are cared for.


Rats and mice can become sexually mature as early as 4 weeks old or as late as 6 weeks old depending on the species being considered. They are able to reproduce year round but tend to produce more offspring during spring and summer seasons because they have an abundance of food available to them at that time.

Mice prefer nibbling on soft foods such as fruits, grains, nuts, seeds and berries while rats tend to eat meat products such as cheese or meat based products like bacon or sausage .

Both rats and mice have a taste for human food if it is left unattended for too long which can cause them to enter your home through open doors or windows in search of a meal which could end up costing you money in the long run if left unchecked for too long .

Rats Facts

When it comes to rats, the city of Chicago tops the list of American cities.

Rats have a remarkable memory.

A newborn rat’s heart rate is around 300 beats per minute.

Rats are able to fall from a height of 50 feet without suffering any major damage.

There are an estimated 7 billion rats in the world, which is almost one rat for every person.

An estimated 20% of the world’s agricultural output is destroyed annually by rats.

What do rats eat?

Rats are omnivorous animals that eat a variety of things, such as fruits, vegetables, grains, meat, and even other small animals. Rats are particularly fond of sweets and will often steal food from people or pets. Rats have sharp incisors that allow them to gnaw through most materials. They usually eat whatever is available to them in their environment . 

How do rats and mice get into my home?

Mice and rats can be a major nuisance in your home. They can cause damage to your property, spread diseases, and contaminate food. Rats and mice can get into your home in a variety of ways, including through cracks in the foundation, openings around pipes and wires, or even by chewing their way in.

There are some steps you can take to help prevent mice and rats from getting into your home, such as sealing up any cracks or holes in your foundation, installing screens on all of your windows and doors, and keeping your property clean and free of debris.

If you do find that rodents have already invaded your home, there are a number of steps you can take to get rid of them. 

How to Prevent Mice from Entering Your Home

Preventing new mice from entering the building or house is the first step in effective mouse management. Keeping your home free of rodents involves performing sanitation and exclusion measures. Repellant sprays can also be used.

Restrict Access by Securing All Points of Entry

Exclusion is the easiest strategy to prevent mice. This can be challenging due to the fact that a mouse can squeeze through a 1/4-inch hole.

In cold weather, mice will take shelter inside. Seal cracks in the foundation, siding, and doors using sealant or weatherstripping.

If you seal each hole with steel wool, mice won’t be able to gnaw through it. Copper wool or metal hardware cloth can be used.

Fill in all of the holes and cracks in the foundation and the walls.

With a flat screwdriver, wedge the steel fibres into the crack. Make sure it doesn’t fall out by using mortar or caulk.

Secure your home’s interior by caulking any entry points for pipes, cables, and wires.

It’s important to trim tree branches that are over your roof or come near enough so a mouse may hop over them.

Seal off the attic.

How to control rats or mice in your house??


There are several things you can do to control mice or rats in your home. These methods are best for ridding your home of rats, but some may also be useful for controlling mice.

Seal any holes :- Mice can get through almost any opening. This is why it’s so important to seal any holes around your home that may be a potential entryway.

Corner them :- Mice may be curious, but they don’t like to be cornered. When you corner them, they have no other option but to keep moving forward, which is what you want them to do.

Install a bait station :- One of the best ways to control mice and rats is to put traps out in places they visit frequent. These places include corners, under sinks, and along the edges of your home.

While these devices are effective at catching rats, they can also be used to control mice. Put out a bait station with peanut butter and place it along the edges of your home.

Mice love peanut butter and will go to the station to eat the bait, and this will help you catch them.

What is the best way to control or get rid of mice and rats?

  Mice and Rats are a real problem for many people, and there are steps you can take to control or get rid of these rodents. 

First things first, you need to understand what is attracting them to your property.  There are several types of things that will attract rodents:

Food sources – Pet food, bird seed, trash cans that don’t have lids on them.

Water sources – Ponds, leaky pipes inside the house or outside the house.

Cover – Small holes in the foundation or walls. Rodents love dark places where they can hide from predators.

Warmth – Insulation in attics and garages is inviting to rats and mice as well as many other pests.

The best way to control mice and rats is by removing their food source which means if you don’t want them around, stop feeding the birds!  Bird feeders should be placed away from your home so that rodents don’t have access to it and there should be no pet food left out overnight or for any extended period of time.

If you have a pond on your property make sure it has a secure cover over it at all times so that wildlife doesn’t gain access to it (and then leave droppings around your home).

You should also seal up any holes or cracks around your home with steel wool or caulk (rodents will chew through plastic). If you have an attic make sure the insulation is in good condition and there are no small holes for rats or mice to enter

How do professionals get rid of mice?

The other best way to get rid of mice is to hire a professional pest control company. Most companies will come out and do an inspection of your home or business to determine the extent of the problem and then they will suggest a solution that best suits your needs.

They will often use traps or poison bait, but there are other methods such as ultrasonic devices, glue boards, live traps and so on.

A good pest control company should be able to help you solve your problem in the most humane way possible (without you having to get your hands dirty!)

What kills rats instantly outside?

There are a number of things you can use to kill rats instantly outside. One of the most common is rat poison. You can also try using rat traps, or snap traps (the best snap traps are Victor snap traps). Another option is to try using a pellet gun.

If you want to use poison make sure you follow the instructions on the label carefully and place it in an area that is inaccessible to kids and pets.

What kills rats instantly inside?

The same things that kill rats instantly outside will also work indoors (like rat poison). You can also try using glue boards, snap traps or live traps, but keep in mind that these methods may not be as effective as poison bait or snap traps (because rodents have to come out of hiding in order for them to work).

Rat control home remedies

There are a number of home remedies that people use to kill rats. Some of these work, while others don’t. One thing you should know is that there is no “natural” product available that will get rid of rats. If there was, it would be in the news!

Some of the most popular “home remedies” for killing rats include:

Rubber snakes – these don’t work at all!  They won’t scare away the rats and they won’t kill them either.  The only thing they might do is make you feel better because you can say you tried something and it didn’t work (which means you aren’t to blame for having a rat problem).  You can buy rubber snakes at any toy store or online from places like Amazon.

Glue traps – these don’t work either, and most people who try using them end up getting their fingers caught in them when they try to remove the dead rat from the trap.

Poison bait – this is by far your best option if you want to get rid of rats, but again, it won’t be 100% effective because some rats will avoid eating it for one reason or another (they might smell it and leave, or have developed a resistance to specific poisons).

If none of these methods seem to be working for your situation then I recommend calling a pest control expert right away! 

Diseases Mice Carry

Mice can carry a lot of diseases and other parasites. Some of these are:

Roundworms (Toxocara) – this is a parasite that lives inside the mouse’s intestines, and when they poop, they leave the eggs behind which can then be picked up by humans.  Humans who get roundworm infections will usually experience loss of appetite, fever, abdominal pain and diarrhea.  In rare cases it can cause blindness or even death.

Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis (LCMV) – This is a virus that causes fever, headache, sore throat, nausea and vomiting.  It can also cause meningitis symptoms such as neck stiffness or pain, sensitivity to light and sometimes seizures.

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) – This is an infectious disease most commonly spread by mice or rats through urine or droppings.  It affects the lungs and breathing in the same way flu does but more severely; it can lead to death if not treated immediately.

Salmonella – This bacterium causes diarrhea in humans as well as abdominal cramps and fever if it gets into your bloodstream; you might have heard about outbreaks caused by contaminated food products in restaurants before – salmonella is what got into those foods!


In conclusion, mice and rats are small animals that can quickly cause a lot of damage as they explore your home. They are also known to carry diseases, so it is important to get rid of them as soon as possible. You can take steps to prevent mice and rats from entering your home, but if they are already there, you should call a professional to get rid of them.

About Pest-ify 6 Articles
We are dedicated to promote Pest control awareness among internet users. Our website is full of resources to help you identify and get rid of common pests problems. We have the knowledge you need to get going, whether you're a business or home owner.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.