Termite Infestation: What Are Termites and How Do They Spread?


What Are Termites and How Do They Spread?

Termites infestations are fairly common outside, but they often go unnoticed inside, too. These small insects love to nest in old and abandoned wooden structures. They can find any crack or crevice large enough for them to fit through and call their home. And as much as these pests bug people, they actually benefit the environment by feeding on dead plant materials and organic matter.

However, when a certain number of termites establish their colony inside a building and start eating it from the inside out, that’s when you know you have an infestation problem.

Termites are one of the most common types of subterranean termite in the world today. These insects live under the ground and in moist areas such as soil cracks or walls of old buildings with wooden subfloors.

Termite colonies are made up of adult termites called reproductives, various age-specific caste nymphs called larvae, and several other subcastes known as soldiers.

What are termites?

Termites are a type of insect that builds colonies, or colonies, under the ground. These colonies are called “termite mounds.” There are more than 3000 species of termites in the world, but only a few are pests.

These pests include the white-columned and peripheral eastern subterranean and western subterranean termites. Subterranean termites are one of the most destructive species of termite because they can cause damage to wooden structures.

Subterranean termites are also known as “white-columned” termites, “western” termites, or “Periplanic” termites. These are just a few of the more common names for these termites.

Where do the termites live?

Termites live in colonies. A termite colony is like a little city. Each colony has a queen and king and thousands of workers, soldiers and nymphs that live there.

The soldiers protect the colony from invaders by biting them with their large jaws (mandibles). Termites also have special glands in their heads that squirt out a thick, sticky substance called “propaganda pheromone” which is used to mark their territory as well as to attract other termites to help defend the colony if it is threatened.


Some termite species have another gland in their bodies that produces an alarm pheromone which alerts other members of the colony if they detect danger or an intruder has entered their territory.

Each species of termite has its own unique pattern of alarm pheromone so the workers can tell which species the intruder belongs to. This helps them identify enemies from allies and allows them to react appropriately when an enemy is detected so they can mount an effective defense against it.

Some termite species can release large amounts of alarm pheromone into the air around them when they are attacked or threatened by predators or humans and this causes other members of their colony to come running to help defend them!

Life Cycle of a Termite:

All termites have four stages in their life cycle: egg, larva, pupa and adult. Their eggs are oval and white or yellowish in color and about 1/16th of an inch long. The termite queen lays between 5,000 to 8,000 eggs each year.

Eggs are first laid inside the colony and then they hatch into larvae that look like whitish-colored maggots. These larvae eat wood and grow into a pupa before emerging as adults. The entire life cycle takes about two years to complete.


The termite queen can live up to thirty to fifty years in her colony but she will lay thousands of eggs during that time. She is very important to the colony because she is the only one who mates with the king termite or drone when she is ready to start a new colony.

Termites also have a caste system inside their colonies with different jobs for each caste member depending on their size and age like soldiers, workers, nymphs etc..

The soldiers defend the nest from predators by biting them if they get too close or squirting out a sticky substance called “formic acid” from their abdomen which can blind some small animals or people if it gets into their eyes or mouth. Some of these soldiers also have large sharp jaws that they use to cut off pieces of wood that can be used for building materials within the nest itself.

Some species of termites are able to digest cellulose in wood which means they are able to break down wooden or plant material that other animals can not digest. These termites are called “myrmecophages” which means “ant eater” because they eat the ants and other insects that live in the ant colonies. They also eat the insect eggs, larvae and pupae that live in these ant nests.

Some of the termite species that have this ability to digest cellulose in wood are called “wood-eaters” because they actually feed on trees and damage them by eating away at their cell walls until their structure is weakened or they fall over and die. Some of these termites can cause a lot of damage to trees, houses and wooden structures if they are not controlled.

What is a termite swarm?

Termite swarms are when large groups of termites leave their nest or colony to search for food. They usually do this at night and they can be very noisy as they move around. Swarming is usually done in late spring or early summer.

What are termites attracted to?

Termites are attracted to moisture, wood that has been damaged. They like to eat moist, rotting wood. They also like to eat grass and other plants. Termites do not eat dry, clean wood. They need water to live and they drink it from the wood they eat. Termites also need cellulose to live and they get this from the wood that they eat as well.

What do termites eat?


Termites are eating machines! They love to feed on wood, grass and any other plants they can find that contain cellulose. They also love to feed on dead animals when they find them underground or in a forest near their nest or colony.

What do termites sound like?

Termites have very tiny wings. They make a “buzzing” sound when they fly that is similar to a bumble bee. They also make a “buzzing” sound when they are inside of wood eating away at it. This is what we hear as “wood-eating”.

What damage do termites do?

Termites cause a lot of damage to houses and other wooden structures. The most common type of termite damage is when termites eat away at the walls in a house until they get into the insulation or other parts of the house, which can cause a lot of damage to wiring, plumbing and other things inside your house or building.


Termites can also destroy furniture, books, paper products and anything else made out of wood that is left outside or inside your home or building.

Termite mounds are another thing that you may see in your yard if you have termite problems in your area. These mounds are dirt piles where these little insects actually live! 

How do termites spread?

Termites spread by moving from one place to another. They use their strong, pointed mouth parts to cut through wood and then they cover up the hole they just made with their spit and dirt. This is called “mud-tailing”. The termite cuts through the wood and then covers it up with mud.

Signs of a termite infestation

You may notice droppings or tiny fragments of wood that were chewed up inside your home. Or, you may see dark or stained spots on your wood surfaces.

You may also notice mounds of soil or even wood chips in your yard that look a lot like the mounds termites build inside buildings.

You may also hear termites buzzing or feel vibrations from under the ground as they eat through wood or other materials. These are just some of the signs of a termite infestation.

They will usually remain undetected until the damage to your home is significant enough for you to notice.

You may also see signs of termites outside your home if your landscaping is composed of woody plants or shrubs. But if you have a concrete sidewalk or patio, you won’t see signs of termites inside your home.

Are termites harmful to humans?

Termites are not harmful to humans but they can cause a lot of damage to homes, furniture and other wood structures. They can also be dangerous to crops and plants.

How do I get rid of termites?

The best way to get rid of termites is to call a professional. A professional will inspect your home or property, determine what kind of termite you have and then find out how they are getting into your home or property and how to prevent them from coming back.

Termites can be dangerous if they are left untreated. They can cause a lot of damage and even destroy homes, furniture and other wood structures. If you think that you have termites then it is best to contact a professional right away so that they can determine the best way to get rid of the problem before it gets worse.

How do you stop termites from spreading?

– Inspect the exterior of your home for signs of termite damage. You may need to look closely to see the damage because termite damage often appears as discoloration or darkened spots on wood.

– Inspect your termite bait station and make sure it is properly closed and secured.

– Seal all cracks or openings around pipes or wires inside your home with caulking or other sealing materials.

– Remove woodpiles from your property and place them in a closed metal container.

– Place plants that are popular food sources for termites inside a plastic pot and keep them out of the sun.

– Keep your yards and landscaping free of debris that could provide shelter and nesting material for termites.

– If you live in an area with a high risk of termite infestations, you may want to consider hiring a pest control company to treat your home for termites.

How do you treat termites at home?

Seal all cracks or openings, Remove woodpiles, Place fragrant plants with strong scent, Keep your yards and landscaping free of debris, hire a pest control company to treat your home for termites.

What are the methods to control termite?

Here are some natural methods to control termite.

1. The use of neem oil to control termites is very well known method in India. Neem oil is extracted from the fruits and seeds of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica) which is generally grown in Indian homes for its medicinal values.

Neem oil has a strong chemical content that can be harmful for insects such as termites. The active ingredient in neem oil is azadirachtin which has been found to be effective against termites, just like chemical treatments but without any harmful side effects on the environment or humans.

2. Another method of controlling termite is by using eucalyptus leaves and wood ash to repel them away from your house or garden. This can be done by sprinkling dry eucalyptus leaves around your house and garden or by adding wood ash into your compost bin where you grow vegetables and flowers in your garden.

Termites do not like the smell of eucalyptus leaves and wood ash so they will stay away from it, which helps keep them away from your house or garden as well.

3. The third method of controlling termites is by using human urine as a repellent. Yes, you read that right. Human urine is actually a good way to keep termites away from your house or garden. It has been proven that termites do not like the smell of human urine and will stay away from the place where it has been sprinkled or sprayed. The easiest way to apply this method is by using a spray bottle to spray it directly on wood surfaces in your house or garden.

4. Not only are neem leaves and wood ash effective in keeping termites away but they also have other side benefits as well such as repelling mosquitoes and insects which can also be harmful to humans and plants in your home or garden.

If you have them growing in your home, you can use them for other purposes as well by sprinkling dry neem leaves around your house for better health and safety for the entire family living here!

What is the fastest way to get rid of termites?

Termites can be easily killed using a termite treatment or with a natural remedy. A natural remedy is the best way to get rid of termites as there are no chemicals involved. The only problem is that it can be time consuming and difficult to make.

A common method of getting rid of termites is by using a chemical treatment. A chemical treatment involves pouring it into the ground around your house, or in cracks and crevices near the house where you think the termite infestation is coming from. This method has been known to kill a lot of termites but it also kills other insects like ants and bees, which can harm the environment if they die in large numbers.


Termites are destructive insects that can cause extensive damage to your property. They are able to live in colonies and build a nest, but they cannot reproduce. The queen termite is the only individual capable of reproducing. The purpose of a colony is to increase the number of workers and soldiers in order to protect the queen, who is their only means of reproduction. All workers and soldiers are female, so they are unable to reproduce.

The eggs that hatch from the queen’s eggs will become new queens or kings once they mature into adult termites. Termites tend to be more active during warmer temperatures, which explains why you may see more activity during the summer months in your home or out in your yard.

If you spot termite damage around your home, it’s important to contact a pest control company as soon as possible so that they can treat your home and get rid of the problem before it spreads any further.

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